Connecting Research Infrastructures
A program supported by the
European Union in cooperation
with the NSF

Fields of Research

Partner institutes
in USA and Europe

Earth Cube

EarthCube aims to transform the
conduct of research through the
development of community-guided
cyberinfrastructure to integrate
information and data across
the geosciences.


The Global Earth Observation System
of Systems will provide decision-support
tools to a wide variety of users.

Space weather


ICOS-NEON greenhouse gas data training workshop

This 1 week ICOS-NEON greenhouse gas data training workshop is aimed primarily at early career scientists including advanced PhD students, postdocs, and Junior Faculty. The motivation is to train scientists to use in-situ data to address emerging issues in carbon cycle science including atmospheric science, biogeochemistry and ecosystem science. This workshop will provide the opportunity to learn how to use ‘big data’ from the ICOS and NEON large networks of observatories while discussing the frontier of carbon science and identifying new research opportunities.ICOS and NEON research infrastructures are in-situ observation networks providing research data on greenhouse gas fluxes from ecosystems to the atmosphere. Together, ICOS and NEON aim to make these data available without technical, scientific or political barrier. These data typically include greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration, carbon and energy flux observations, and the surface micrometeorology surrounding these measurements. ICOS and NEON are funded by the European Commission FP7 and US National Science Foundation (NSF).

COOPEUS – Connecting Research Infrastructures

Strengthening the cooperation between the US and the EU in the field of environmental research infrastructures

Developing world-class research infrastructures for environmental research is one of the top priorities of the European Union Research Policies.

The COOPEUS project, funded under the Research Infrastructures action of the 7th Framework Programme for Research and Innovation of the EU, shall bring together scientists and users being involved in Europe’s major environmental related research infrastructure projects, i.e. EISCAT, EPOS, LifeWATCH, EMSO, and ICOS, with their US counterparts that are responsible for the NSF funded projects AMISR, EARTHSCOPE, DataONE, OOI and NEON.

The intention is that by interlinking these activities new synergies are generated that will stimulate the creation of a truly global integration of existing infrastructures. The key of this integration process will be the efficient access to and the open sharing of data and information produced by the environmental research infrastructures. This important crosscutting infrastructure category is subject to rapid changes, driven almost entirely outside the field of environmental sciences. Trends in this area include growing collaborations between computer and environmental scientists, leading to the emergence of a new class of scientific activity structured around networked access to observational information. Therefore links to running projects like ENVRI in Europe or EARTHCUBE in the US who are developing relevant architectures are indispensable. Considering this perspective the COOPEUS project will serve as a testbed for new standards and methods.


Space weather

The primary scientific goals are studies the interaction between the Sun and the Earth as revealed by disturbances in the magnetosphere and the ionised parts of the atmosphere (these interactions also give rise to the spectacular aurora, or Northern Lights).

Carbon obervatories

Carbon observation research infrastructures are necessary for quantifying and understanding and deciphering the greenhouse balance of the Earth.

Ocean observatories

Sustained ocean measurements are a crucial element to study climate variability, ocean circulation and ecosystem dynamics, air-sea exchange, seafloor processes, and plate-scale geodynamics.


The goal of integrating seismic stations into a coherent network is to promote and make possible innovative approaches for a better understanding of the physical processes controlling earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, unrest episodes and tsunamis as well as those driving tectonics and Earth surface dynamics.


The Earth’s biosphere is such a complex system that a comprehensive monitoring network for simultaneously tracking individual species and populations and monitoring trends in forests and other ecosystems has never been built.



is in its broadest vision a coherent framework finding and using information about the Earth system across the entire research enterprise that will allow for substantial improved collaboration between specialties.