Carbon observation research infrastructures are necessary for quantifying and understanding and deciphering the greenhouse balance of the Earth. It was realized early that, high precision long-term carbon cycle observations form the essential basis of carbon cycle understanding and that these observations must be secured beyond the lifetime of a research project. Both COOPEUS partners, ICOS and NEON, aim to build a network of standardized, long-term, high precision integrated monitoring of: atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations of CO2, CH4, CO and radiocarbon-CO2 to quantify the fossil fuel component.
Main tasks: As the coordinator of ICOS, CEA/LSCE will lead WP3 on carbon observations. CEA/LSCE will also participate to the elaboration of cross cutting issues through WP7 and WP8.
Brief description: The LSCE (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) is a joint research unit of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS-INSU) and the Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA), two major research agencies in France. LSCE brings experience and qualifications particularly relevant to COOPEUS with special expertise in atmospheric composition monitoring, development and operation of related databases and a long track record of EU-US collaboration, especially for data sharing, measurement protocol harmonization, and joint analysis of data into data assimilation and inverse modelling frameworks. The LSCE has actively participated in a large number of EU funded projects including CARBOEUROPE-IP, QUANTIFY, CARBOOCEAN, CARBOAFRICA, NITROEUROPE-IP, MACC, MACC-2 and InGOS. It coordinates GEOMON-IP, dealing with ground-based atmospheric observation database complementary to satellite, as well as ICOS-PP, the Preparatory Phase of the ICOS European research infrastructure for carbon observation. In ICOS-PP, LSCE has a coordination role in legal and governance affairs, as well as in defining the standard atmospheric measurements protocols jointly with the community. In ICOS-PP and IMECC, LSCE has been in charge of maintaining a near real time data collection scheme that required adhesion of the community. In GEOMON and CARBOEUROPE-IP, LSCE has been in charge of developing and maintaining a database of long term, validated data.
Main tasks: UNITUS as coordinator of the ICOS Ecosystem Thematic Center, will contribute to WP3 on carbon observations leading all the activities related to the ecosystem component. UNITUS will also participate to the elaboration of cross cutting issues through WP7 and WP8.
Brief description: The Department for innovation in biological, agro-food and forest systems (DIBAF) is composed by about 50 full time permanent scientists working in the field of agricultural and forest research, biotechnology and food security. DIBAF has considerable experience, at national and international level, in projects dealing with forestry, carbon, energy, and water cycling, ecosystem modeling, remote sensing, rehabilitation of degraded areas and land management. The Department is also actively involved in national and international (IPCC) initiatives aiming to provide the scientific background for the implementation of the Rio conventions and the Kyoto protocol. In the last 5 years DIBAF developed and managed the databases and data processing schemes used in different European projects acquiring ecosystem fluxes measurements with the aim to standardize them across Europe and facilitate continental analysis. DIBAF is or has been involved in many Italian, European and international projects, as coordinator or full participant. Examples are: EUROFLUX; CARBOEUROFLUX; VULCAN; EUROFACE; POPFACE; CARBODATA; CarboEurope-GHG; CarboEurope-IP; CARBOAFRICA; NitroEurope IP; IMECC; CIRCE; COCOS; ICOS; CARBO-Extreme; GHG-Europe, GeoCarbon, INGOS.
to the Carbon observation Gallery