The goal of integrating seismic stations into a coherent network is to promote and make possible innovative approaches for a better understanding of the physical processes controlling earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, unrest episodes and tsunamis as well as those driving tectonics and Earth surface dynamics. Integration of the existing national and trans-national research infrastructures will increase access and use of the multidisciplinary data recorded by the solid Earth monitoring networks, acquired in laboratory experiments and/or produced by computational simulations. Bringing the initiatives EPOS, ORFEUS, Earthscope, IRIS and UNAVCO together will foster worldwide interoperability in Earth Sciences and provide services to a broad community of users.
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia INGV Italy
Main tasks: As coordinator of the Preparatory Phase projects, INGV represents in this proposal the EMSO and EPOS communities. It will lead WP4-Ocean Observatory in order to create the base for a long-term collaboration with the US counterpart institution Ocean Observatory Initiative (OOI) on common scientific planning, optimisation of infrastructure use, data policy and standardization issues. It will contribute to WP5-Solid Earth Dynamics that aims to coordinate the long-term integration plans for solid Earth science envisioned by EPOS and EarthScope in Europe and the US, respectively, ensuring interoperability through the frameworks recommended by GEO(SS).
Brief description: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), is one of the largest research institutions of Earth Sciences in Europe. Its main mission is the monitoring andstudy of geophysical phenomena in both the solid and fluid components of the Earth. INGV manages monitoring networks and collects, inspects and disseminates data in the field of seismology, volcanology, geomagnetism, geochemistry and marine sciences. INGV is the reference institution of the National Civil Protection Department for the monitoring of seismic areas and active volcanoes in Italy and leads the official programs for seismic and volcanic hazard assessment promoted by the Italian government. INGV has a long-standing experience in project coordination and participation at national and European level. INGV presently is coordinator of the Preparatory Phase projects of two ESFRI initiatives: EMSO from 2007 and EPOS from 2008. EPOS – European Plate Observing System is integrating the diverse, but advanced European Research Infrastructures for solid Earth Science, and will build on new e-science opportunities to monitor and understand the dynamic and complex solid-Earth System. EPOS is to promote implementation plans with other disciplines of environmental science to help in solving the grand challenges facing the Earth and its population. EPOS will give open access to geophysical and geological data and modelling tools, enabling a step change in multidisciplinary scientific research into different areas. EMSO- European Multidisciplinary Seafloor Observatory has the aim to build upon a large scale distributed network of seafloor stations around the European plate from the Arctic to the Black Sea through the North-West Atlantic and Mediterranean. EMSO is based on the experience gained from the 90’s by European research institutions and companies with several experiments in the Mediterranean, the Atlantic Ocean and in Antarctic region. In particular INGV has undertaken the development of multiparameter seafloor observatories of novel-conception and has played the role of coordinator and WP leader in national and European collaborative projects (e.g., EU GEOSTAR projects, EU NEAREST, EU ESONET NoE).
Main tasks In this project we will lead WP5 and task 5.1 and 5.2. Further we will actively participate for EPOS in WP8 for solid earth sciences) and WP7. We will take a lead in coordinating standards and coordinating and organizing workshops in Europe and the US. In WP5 ORFEUS staff, KNMI employees, will coordinate joint initiatives between the European seismological and EPOS community in Europe and those involved in EarthScope in the US, specific intensive cooperation will be established with IRIS. Both EarthScope and EPOS have significant activities on long-term strategies (WP8). The current seat of FDSN secretariat is at ORFEUS, facilitating global coordination of seismological research infrastructures, within COOPEUS.
Brief description: The Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) provides data, knowledge and information in the fields of weather, climate and seismology. The KNMI is an agency under the Dutch Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management with about 450 employees of which 200 are scientists with key expertise in physical and dynamical meteorology, oceanography and geophysics. The seismology research group is specialized in applied research, like seismic hazard, observational technologies, induced seismicity and infrasound. The group is the national information center for earthquakes and related phenomena and hosts the ORFEUS staff and services and the FDSN secretariat. The group is also strongly involved in many European and national Research Infrastructure projects. The Observatories and Research Facilities for European Seismology (ORFEUS), founded in 1987, is the non-profit foundation that co-ordinates and promotes digital, broadband (BB) seismology in the European-Mediterranean area. ORFEUS coordinating data exchange within Europe and the Mediterranean countries, including data archiving, quality control and providing advanced data access services and facilities to the scientific community and collaborates within the International Federation of Digital Seismograph Networks (FDSN) with a. o. IRIS-DMC. ORFEUS is a major component within EPOS and is responsible for major coordinating seismological research infrastructure initiatives in Europe.
Main tasks: IRIS will participate fully in the standardization of the XML definitions for the key web services being developed as part of the COOPEUS effort. Furthermore IRIS will participate in the specification and standardization of the query parameters that will be supported within the FDSN. Furthermore IRIS will deploy and operate web services that will provide access to the waveform holdings at IRIS. We will insure that IRIS provides services that meet the FDSN standards for web services both in the format of the information returned by the web services as well as the specification and use of the various query parameters. We will partner with several European data centers to push this federated concept forward.
Brief description: IRIS is a not-for-profit corporation dedicated to the deployment and operation of seismological facilities worldwide. IRIS is also a consortium of universities with roughly 114 US research universities, 105 foreign affiliates and other educational affiliates. Supported activities include the operation or permanent seismic stations that are part of the Global Seismological Network (GSN), support for PI driven experiments that deploy seismic stations on a temporary basis, an Education and Public Outreach component, and a Data Management System that curates and distributes data from IRIS Facilities, networks of the International Federation of Digital Seismograph Networks (FDSN), US Regional Seismic Networks, and some strong motion data. IRIS also operates the USArray component of the EarthScope project. The IRIS Data Management System focuses on the management and distribution of seismological data through a variety of request mechanisms. Currently IRIS is distributing data through web services, coordinated through the FDSN in an effort to provide federated data services within the FDSN.
Main tasks: UNAVCO will participate fully with COOPEUS partners for the following goals (1) coordination of the cyberinfrastructure for GNSS data interoperability; (2) definitions of best practices for GNSS data curation and preservation; and (3) developing standards and practices for publication of GNSS datasets. To facilitate data interoperability, UNAVCO will participate in defining web services, to include query vocabulary and standard elements returned via queries, and to include XML and other encoding of metadata elements returned. UNAVCO will continue to develop the Geodesy Seamless Archive through its connections with the International GNSS Service and COOPEUS partners. Further, UNAVCO will make available metadata and data from the UNAVCO archive holdings through implementation of web services that meet agreed upon standards. UNAVCO will work with European partners to further adoption of these data and metadata sharing standards.
Brief description: UNAVCO is a non-profit corporation that facilitates geoscience research and education using geodesy. UNAVCO’s activities include operation of the 1100 station Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO), one of the three principal components of the EarthScope project. UNAVCO’s Data Center provides data management, archiving, distribution, and interoperability services for GNSS and Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) data. UNAVCO also provides science support through community coordination, field engineering, technology innovation, and instrument testing, acquisition, and deployment and supports state-of-the-art global geodetic infrastructure that is developed and operated through international collaborations, including data and information services support for the International GNSS Service’s Central Bureau.
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