The Earth’s biosphere is such a complex system that a comprehensive monitoring network for simultaneously tracking individual species and populations and monitoring trends in forests and other ecosystems has never been built. To present a full picture of what is happening to biological diversity, this monitoring network would also need to integrate masses of biological information with data and forecasts on climate change, pollution and other threats to biodiversity. The lack of comprehensive information about the world’s biological resources continues to undermine the efforts of policymakers and managers to set priorities, elaborate strategies and assess the effectiveness of their actions.
By bringing together the diverse, stand-alone observation instruments and systems now tracking trends in the world’s genetic resources, species and ecosystems a global platform can be created for integrating biodiversity data with data on climate and other key variables. It will fill gaps in taxonomic and biological information and speed up the pace at which information is collected and disseminated.
Main tasks: EBD-CSIC will lead the COOPEUS project WP6 Biodiversity and will also be strongly involved in the Common data policies and standards (WP7) also in Research Infrastructure Framework development (WP8).
Brief description: The EBD-CSIC was created in 1965 and owing to outstanding scientific contributions over the years it is nowadays a globally renowned institute. EBD-CSIC is committed to carry out multidisciplinary research on biological diversity, encompassing natural history, evolution, ecology, systematics, biogeography, genetics and conservation biology. This knowledge is applied to the management and conservation of biodiversity in all its forms. Problem solving in Conservation Biology requires the integration of several approaches within a multidisciplinary context and, the developing of a strong theoretical framework to improve our prediction capacity. The excellence of its researchers is demonstrated by their scientific impact: one of our researchers is included in the “Highly-Cited Researchers” list in the category Ecology/Environment and in this field over 25% of the researchers are amongst the 1% most cited researchers of the last 10 years. They are members of the editorial boards of outstanding journals such as Ecology Letters, Ecology, Ecological Monographs, Journal of Evolutionary Biology, Conservation Biology, Oikos and Wildlife Biology. It is located in the Mediterranean Region, Andalusia, Seville. Within Spain, Andalusia is one of the most bio-diverse regions. Three factors determine its high species richness. First, in Andalusia distribution areas of European, Mediterranean and African taxa coincide. Second, Andalusia is home of a great amount of endemism, particularly in its mountain ranges but also in low land areas, due to its geographical situation, recording one of the highest levels of endemism, both for animals and plants, of the European region. Finally, in this territory there are important migratory routes between Europe and Africa and between the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, which give rise to important seasonable changes in species composition, especially for birds. In this context it is also important to point out that the heritage of plant and animal species in Spain, and particularly in Andalusia, provide most of the taxa to inventories of the European Union. Several of these taxa are still common in Spain, while in other European countries they have become rare or even extinct. Since its creation, research has been strongly related to Doñana, the coastal estuary of the Guadalquivir River. The wealth of its aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems (beaches, dunes, marshlands, scrubland, pine tree forests, streams, lagoons, etc.) endow its unique characteristics.
Main tasks: NEON works with ICOS, FLUXnet, USCRN, DOE-ARM, USGS, LTER, USDA, GEOBon, GEOSS, IGBP, GLEON, and other distributed global observatories to establish uniform consistency, compatibility, and quality for all data and metadata. The standards developed and employed here will not only be necessary to achieve all of the COOPEUS science goals, but will be central to the success of the project’s organization. In particular, NEON will assist with the development and prototyping of global cyber infrastructure, will lead workshops on data management practices and data standardization, and will foster the growth of continental-to-global scale ecological research in North America and Europe.
Brief description: The National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) is a private, nonprofit, research project funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation. Its goal is to enable understanding and forecasting of the impacts of climate change, land-use change and invasive species on continental-scale ecology – by providing infrastructure and consistent methodologies to support research and education in these areas. NEON is a continental-scale research platform for discovering and understanding the impacts of climate change, land-use change, and invasive species on ecology i.e., biogeochemistry, biodiversity, and ecohydrology. Operations will be over a 30 year period, where NEON will gather, long-term data on ecological responses of the biosphere to changes in land use and climate, and on feedbacks with the geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. NEON will be the first observatory of its kind designed to detect and enable forecasting of ecological change at continental scales over multiple decades. The data NEON collects will be freely and openly available to all users.
Data Observation Network for Earth, DataONE is the foundation of new innovative environmental science through a distributed framework and sustainable cyberinfrastructure that meets the needs of science and society for open, persistent, robust, and secure access to well-described and easily discovered Earth observational data. Supported by a $20 million award made as part of the National Science Foundation’s (NSF) DataNet program (Grant #OCI-0830944), DataONE represents a collaboration of universities and government agencies coalesced to address the mounting need for organizing and serving up vast amounts of highly diverse and inter-related but often heterogeneous, scientific data. DataONE will ensure the preservation, access, use and reuse of multi-scale, multi-discipline, and multi-national science data via three primary cyberinfrastucture elements and a broad education and outreach program.
- DataONE hosts three Coordinating Nodes that provide network-wide services to enhance interoperability of a distributed network of Member Nodes and support indexing and replication services. Coordinating Nodes provide a replicated catalog of Member Node holdings and make it easy for scientists to discover data wherever they reside, also enabling data repositories to make their data and services more broadly available to the international community. DataONE Coordinating Nodes are located at the University of New Mexico, the University of California Santa Barbara and at the University of Tennessee (in collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratory).
- DataONE Member Nodes comprise a distributed network of data centers, science networks or organizations. These organizations can expose their data within the DataONE network through the implementation of the DataONE Member Node service interface. In addition to scientific data, Member Nodes can provide computing resources, or services such as data replication, to the DataONE community.
- Additionally, the DataONE Investigator toolkit enables access to customized tools that are familiar to scientists and that can support them in all aspects of the data life cycle.
DataONE engages its community of partners through working groups focused on identifying, describing, and implementing the DataONE cyber-infrastructure, governance, and sustainability models. Additionally, the DataONE User’s Group provides the opportunity for funders, users, developers, educators or any other stakeholder to gather and discuss the advancement of DataONE products and services. Education is integral to DataONE and spans formal graduate-level training in research and cyber-infrastructure development, to developing informal inquiry-based education modules that allow students of all ages to ask their own specific questions. DataONE is committed to engaging a broad and diverse community of users, engaging students and citizens in science through efforts that span the entire data life cycle, from data gathering, to management, to analysis and publication.
to the Biodiversity Gallery