Sustained ocean measurements are a crucial element to study climate variability, ocean circulation and ecosystem dynamics, air-sea exchange, seafloor processes, and plate-scale geodynamics. The ocean related research infrastructures will enable powerful new scientific approaches for exploring the complexities of Earth-ocean-atmosphere interactions, thereby accelerating progress toward the goal of understanding, predicting, and managing our ocean
Main tasks: The OOI CI will participate with the COOPEUS project’s technical and organizational aspects. It will advise those groups responsible for the work package on common data policies, standards and services (WP7), those responsible for the Research Infrastructure Framework development including a potential network link to global oceanographic repositories in the US (WP8) and also those responsible for WP 4 on ocean observatories.
Brief description: The Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO or Scripps) and the California Institute of Telecommunications and Information Technology (Calit2), both at University of California, San Diego, (UCSD) in La Jolla, California, support the National Science Foundation (NSF) Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction program – the Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) Cyberinfrastructure (CI) for which Dr. John Orcutt is the Principal Investigator, Dr. Frank Vernon is the Deputy Director and Matthew Arrott is the Project Manager. Scripps is the oldest oceanographic institution in the world (110 years) and the largest institution in the US. Scripps has a long history in oceanography, particularly in the design and construction of new instruments and sensors that have played a large role in scientific discovery. Scripps places particular emphasis on instruments capable of making well-calibrated and long-term measurements with little or no drift. Calit2 is a new institute that specializes in advancing computing capabilities (especially in the “cloud”), nano-engineering, visualization, networking, data management and wireless technologies. The OOI FP7-312118-COOPEUS Coordination Action Page 48 of 74 is jointly supported and informed by both Scripps and Calit2. The OOI CI is also allied with the NSF DataNet Federation Consortium (DFC) at the University of North Carolina (Renaissance Computing Institute – RENCI) in federating large data holdings in the US.
Main tasks: UW will work under WP4 to integrate and coordinate the OOI experience with cabled observatories with EU approaches. It will support the work toward a long-term sustainable framework for global coordination, interoperability, and data management. UW will support MARUM and other partners to coordinate the COOPEUS project’s scientific and technical aspects as well as dissemination aspects. The Group from Washington will enable COOPEUS to learn from OOI experiences in development of common data policies, standards and services (WP7) and in discussions of the Research Infrastructure Framework (WP8).
Brief description: The University of Washington is a nonprofit higher education organization. Founded in 1861, the University of Washington is one of the oldest state-supported institutions of higher education on the West Coast and is one of the preeminent research universities in the world. It encompasses a large section focusing on marine and oceanic research. UW is the lead organization in the OOI Regional Cabled Network of the U.S. National Science Foundation’s Ocean Observatory Initiative (OOI).
Main tasks: WHOI will work under WP4 to integrate and coordinate the OOI CGSN global observatories with EU observatories through work toward a long-term sustainable framework for global coordination, interoperability, and data management. WHOI will support MARUM and other partners to coordinate the COOPEUS project’s scientific and organizational aspects including dissemination of data and knowledge (WP1); in particular WHOI is interested in workshops better integrating OOI Global sites (e.g., Irminger Sea) with European activities and in including OOI in development of common data policies, standards and services (WP7) and in discussions of the Research Infrastructure Framework (WP8).
Brief description: The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution is a private, nonprofit, marine research and engineering and higher education organization. Its mission is to understand the oceans and their interaction with the Earth as a whole, and to communicate a basic understanding of the ocean’s role in the changing global environment. Established in 1930 on a recommendation of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the Institution is organized into five scientific departments, interdisciplinary research institutes, and a marine policy center. The Institution conducts a joint graduate education program with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution is the lead organization in the Coastal and Global Scales Nodes (CGSN) of the U.S. National Science Foundation’s Ocean Observatory Initiative (OOI). CGSN will deign, build, and maintain two coastal arrays, Pioneer on the east coast and Endurance on the west coast of the U.S., and four global arrays, in the Irminger Sea, in the Gulf of Alaska, in the Argentine Basin, and at 55°S, 90°W in the South Pacific.
Main tasks: As coordinator of the Preparatory Phase projects, INGV represents in this proposal the EMSO (www.emso-eu.org) and EPOS (www.epos-eu.org) communities. It will lead WP4-Ocean Observatory in order to create the base for a long-term collaboration with the US counterpart institution Ocean Observatory Initiative (OOI) on common scientific planning, optimisation of infrastructure use, data policy and standardization issues. It will contribute to WP5-Solid Earth Dynamics that aims to coordinate the long-term integration plans for solid Earth science envisioned by EPOS and EarthScope in Europe and the US, respectively, ensuring interoperability through the frameworks recommended by GEO(SS).
Brief description: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), is one of the largest research institutions of Earth Sciences in Europe. Its main mission is the monitoring and study of geophysical phenomena in both the solid and fluid components of the Earth. INGV manages monitoring networks and collects, inspects and disseminates data in the field of seismology, volcanology, geomagnetism, geochemistry and marine sciences. INGV is the reference institution of the National Civil Protection Department for the monitoring of seismic areas and active volcanoes in Italy and leads the official programs for seismic and volcanic hazard assessment promoted by the Italian government. INGV has a long-standing experience in project coordination and participation at national and European level. INGV presently is coordinator of the Preparatory Phase projects of two ESFRI initiatives: EMSO from 2007 and EPOS from 2008.
EPOS – European Plate Observing System is integrating the diverse, but advanced European Research Infrastructures for solid Earth Science, and will build on new e-science opportunities to monitor and understand the dynamic and complex solid-Earth System. EPOS is to promote implementation plans with other disciplines of environmental science to help in solving the grand challenges facing the Earth and its population. EPOS will give open access to geophysical and geological data and modelling tools, enabling a step change in multidisciplinary scientific research into different areas.
EMSO- European Multidisciplinary Seafloor Observatory has the aim to build upon a large scale distributed network of seafloor stations around the European plate from the Arctic to the Black Sea through the North-West Atlantic and Mediterranean. EMSO is based on the experience gained from the 90’s by European research institutions and companies with several experiments in the Mediterranean, the Atlantic Ocean and in Antarctic region. In particular INGV has undertaken the development of multiparameter seafloor observatories of novel-conception and has played the role of coordinator and WP leader in national and European collaborative projects (e.g., EU GEOSTAR projects, EU NEAREST, EU ESONET NoE).
Main tasks: The Marine Institute will be the co-WP leader for WP8 of COOPEUS
Brief description: The Marine Institute is Ireland’s national agency responsible for Marine Research, Technology Development and Innovation (RTDI). The Institute seeks to assess and realise the economic potential of Ireland’s 220 million acre marine resource; promote the sustainable development of marine industry through strategic funding programs and essential scientific services; and safeguard our marine environment through research and environmental monitoring. The Marine Institute’s Ocean Science Services Section will be involved in the COOPEUS Project. This section provides support for national and international marine research infrastructure programs.
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